INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON CURRENT DEBATES IN SOCIAL SCIENCES
ULUSLARARASI SOSYAL BİLİMLERDE GÜNCEL TARTIŞMALAR KONGRESİ
28-30 September 2018, İstanbul
URBANIZATION & PLANNING STUDIES
COORDINATOR: DR. NİHAL ŞİRİN PINARCIOĞLU (BATMAN UNIVERSITY)
Planning – studies the development and use of land, protection and use of the environment, public welfare, and the design of the urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.
Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and use of land, planning permission, protection and use of the environment, public welfare, and the design of the urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks. Urban planning is also referred to as urban and regional planning, regional planning, town planning, city planning, rural planning or some combination in various areas worldwide. It takes many forms and it can share perspectives and practices with urban design. Urban planning guides orderly development in urban, suburban and rural areas. Although predominantly concerned with the planning of settlements and communities, urban planning is also responsible for the planning and development of water use and resources, rural and agricultural land, parks and conserving areas of natural environmental significance. Practitioners of urban planning are concerned with research and analysis, strategic thinking, architecture, urban design, public consultation, policy recommendations, implementation and management. Urban planners work with the cognate fields of architecture, landscape architecture, civil engineering, and public administration to achieve strategic, policy and sustainability goals. Early urban planners were often members of these cognate fields. Today urban planning is a separate, independent professional discipline. The discipline is the broader category that includes different sub-fields such as land-use planning, zoning, economic development, environmental planning, and transportation planning.
Regional planning – deals with the efficient placement of land-use activities, infrastructure, and settlement growth across a larger area of land than an individual city or town.